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22nd Virginia Cavalry, CSA

a brief history




Introduction:

when I first read William Moore's service record, & the fact that he was discharged for unknown reasons, then reenlisted with a different unit, I was more than a wee bit perplexed. It wasn't until I located the below history of the 22nd Virginia Cavalry Regt. that I was able to understand that his was a natural progression of following Captain Ball from the Virginia State Line to Co.D of the 22nd Virginia Cavalry (& the fact that Co.D had some men from the 37th Virginia Infantry within its ranks).

I have a lot of pride in William's loyalty to his Captain & his cause, as I am when I realized that William was with General Early when "Ol' Jubal" burned Chambersburg to the ground and bloodied Custer's nose!



Southwest Virginia's 22nd Virginia Cavalry, one of the last regular Confederate regiments raised in Virginia during the War for Southern Independence. Two companies of the regiment previously served in Baldwin's Squadron Partisan Rangers, therefore some men served most of the war. However, most of the regiment was raised in the summer of 1863. The regiment was immediately pressed into service with General Samuel Jones' Confederate forces opposing Federal troops occupying East Tennessee.

After some hard service the regiment was trained and allowed to do nothing for several months. During these months of inactivity, the regiment remained close to home guard the saltworks at Saltville and the communication lines at Marion, Va.

Federal pressure mounted on Southwest Virginia in the spring of 1864, which culminated in the Battle of Cloyds' Mountain in early May. The regiment was called out, and assigned to Albert Jenkins' Brigade. Jenkins was killed at Cloyds' Mountain and the regiment found itself riding with John McCausland and served with him through out the first phase of the 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign, including the raids on Washington, D.C. and Chambersburg, Pennsylvania. The command suffered its worst losses at the Battle of Moorefield, West Va. The command endured the hardships of Early's Army with the best of the Southern soldiers, despite the high average age of the regiment. The regiment more than held its own against George Armstrong Custer's Brigade at the Battle of Third Winchester--its shining moment.

The regiment, with Early's much emaciated Army, served out the fall in the Valley and returned to winter quarters, where the 22nd Cavalry disintegrated. About 20 men rode with McCausland in the spring of 1865, and only two were paroled at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865 when General Lee's once might Army of Northern Virginia gave up the ghost.



Company D - Captain Martin Ball's Company, was organized May 1, 1863. The company included some men who formerly served in the 37th Virginia Infantry. Ball had served in the Virginia State Line as a Major and many members of this company may have served there as well. Russell County was the primary source of manpower for Company D.




Officers for this company were:

Martin Ball, Captain
Joseph Boyd, 1st Lieutenant
William L. Ball, 2nd Lieutenant
John W. Ball, 2nd Lieutenant





The above was excerpted from the
The Virginia Regimental Histories Series








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