Instrument Pilot Oral Prep

To help with your check ride preparations, be able to answer and discuss these questions:

know all holes and attachments, esp. antennas

Airworthiness Cert.
Radio license
Operators Handbook
Weight and Balance
Inspections/Maintenance Logs
VOR Insp. (3 Ground and 3 Airborne...not in Mx Log)
Annual Insp./100 hr/ADs
Transponder Insp.
ELT Insp.
Static Insp.
Aircraft Systems
Pitot-airspeed; blockage
Static-Altimeter, VSI; blockage?
Alternate Static Sources
Vacuum System-pump, gyros, filter
Electrical Systems; alternator, Amp Meter, Battery, Turn coordinator
Compass-Mag Dip, Turning Errors, Accel/Decel Errors, Deviation, Variation
Preflight Operational Check (Swing)
Attitude Instrument Flight
Straight and level, turns, climbs, descents
Vertigo, spatial disorientation; How to prevent? How to correct? Unusual attitude recovery
Radio Navs
VOR: limitations, range, disturbances, indicator, sensitivity
NDB: limitations, range, disturbances, REC, ADF, TEST functions
ILS: Components, indicator, sensitivity
Transponder: What does it do? What is STBY position.
Instrument Flight
Equipment Required for IFR aircraft.
Pilot recentcy experience requirements
Flight plan valid time
Clearance Items
Lost Com Procedures
Departure Minimums
Approach Minimums
Landing Minimums
Items reported to ATC without request
Items reported to ATC non-radar
VFR Flight
Visual Approach
Contact Approach
Special VFR
Center, Approach, Local Control
ARTS System
X-Country Planning
Weather; Reports, Pireps, Notams, (Local, Distant, FDC), Charts (surface analysis, progs, depiction, radar)
Flight Plan; Route, Min. Fuel, Alternate Requirements, Alternate Weather Requirements
Approach Plates
Vector approach
Full approach
Full approach
Feeder routes
Approach Category
Missed approach procedure
Holding pattern entry

VOR Classes
1. Terminal (T) 1,000' - 12,000' 25nm range
2. Low Alt. (L) 1,000' - 18.000' 40nm range
3. High Alt. (H) 1,000' 14,500' 40nm range; 14,500' - 60,000' 100nm range; 18,000' - 45,000' 130nm range
VOR freq. 108.0 - 117.95

108.0 - 111.9
.75 degrees between dots
2.5 degrees full deflection
GS 1.4 complete deflection
(look at AIM ch. 1)
962 MHz to 1213 MHz in UHF

Know FAR 91-167 through 91-187!
Time to Station = time in seconds/degree change
Distance to Station = TAS X Min/degree change
Fuel Consumption = Rate X Min to Station/60

Reporting Points in Radar (compulsory)
5 - < 500 ft/min climb
5 - 5% airspeed change or 10 kts
W - weather (unreported or unforcast)
H - hold (entering/leaving)
A - altitude (leaving)
M - missed approach point
L - loss of nav/com
I - Info (safety of flight)

Reporting Points in non-Radar
C - compulsary Reporting Points
O - outer marker inbound
F - final approach fix (FAF)
F - fix off airways
E - ETA change +/- > 3 min

Freq 190 - 535
Compass Locator (CL) < 25 wts; 15 miles
Medium High (MH) < 50 wts; 25 miles
High (H) < 50 - 1999 wts; 50 miles
High High (HH) 2000 wts or more; 75 miles
Disturbances; Shoreline (30 degrees), Twilight, Precip, Lightening

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2003 Dana lumley