interesting facts about the Civil War
~ By the summer of
1861, Wilmer McLean had had enough. The two great Armies were
converging on his farm and what would be the first major battle-
Bull Run or Manassas would soon run across the aging virginians
farm, a Union shell going so far as to tear through his summer
kitchen. Now McLean moved his family away from Manassas, far
south and west of Richmond-out of harms way to a dusty little
crossroads town called Apomattox Courthouse. It was there three
and a half years later that Lee surrendered to Grant and Wilmer
McLean could rightfully say
war began in my front yard and ended in my front
~ Robert E. Lee became a legend in the
Confederate Army only after turning down an offer to command the
entire Union Force.
~Four of Lincolns own brothers-in-law
fought on the Confederate side, and one was killed.
~ The little town of Winchester, Virginia
changed hands 72 times during the war.
~ The State of Missouri sent 39 regiments
to fight in the seige of Vicksburg: -17 to the Confederacy -22 to
~ Col. and Brevet Brig. Gen. Christopher
"Kit" who was also the shortest notable officer in the
war standing less then 5'4"
~ John Clem, of Newark, Ohio who left
home at the age of 9, better kown as "Jonny Shiloh" or
"The Drummer Boy of Chickamauga", who enlisted at the
age of 10 . His drum was destroyed by a artillery round at
Shiloh. At age 12 he shot a confederate officer at Chickamauga,
later suffered two battle wounds, and retired from the army as a
Major General in 1916 on the eve of WWI.
~ Willie Johnson, from St. Johnsbury,
Vermont, was a drummer in Co. D 3rd Vermont, winning the Medal of
Honor during the Seven Days, becoming the youngest person to be
so honered, being then just about the age of 13.
~Madam Turchin, wife of Col. Ivan
Turchin, "The Mad Russian," led his 19th Illinois in
Tennessee on day in 1862 after he was wounded.
~One battle with Seven names: White Oak
Swamp/Fraysers Farm/Glendale/Charles City Cross Roads/Nelsons
Farm/ Turkey Bend/New Market Cross Roads, Virginia 30 June 1862.
~The Confederate 1st Louisiana allegedly
had men of 37 different nationalities in its ranks.
~The tallest Union Soldier was Captain
Van Buskirk, 27th Indiana, stood 6'10 1/2 inches tall.
~ The shortest Union Soldier was a
private in the 192nd Ohio, he stood 3 feet, 4 inches tall.
~ When General Hooker took command of the
Army of Potomic, his realistic policy toward recreation for the
troops changed Washington overnight. Red-light districts
flourished. Tradition strongly insists that it was the benevolent
commanding General who gave his name to the sland expression
"hooker" signifying both an abandoned women and a drink
of whiskey neat.
~ Mr Lincoln was suffering from a fresh
case of smallpox when he delivered the most famous speech in
American history, The Gettysburg Address.
~ The youngest Confederate General was
William Paul Roberts of North Carolina, a cavalry commander who
went to war at 20. His claim to the title has been est. only
recently through a study of vital statistics.
~ Of the 425 Confederate Generals, 77
were killed or died of wounds during the war. The last surviving
LT. General of the Southern Army was Simon Bolivar Buckner, who
lived until 1914, his son and namesake was killed as a General in
~ In the post war years, Johnson served
as a pallbearer for several prominent Union Generals, including
U.S. Grant. His last such service was for William T. Sherman, his
conqueror. While paying his respects to Sherman in the cemetery
on a winters day, Johnson contracted a severe cold which became
pneumonia and was the cause of his death.
~There was a Abraham Lincoln on both
sides of the war. The President, and a Confederate, Private
Abraham Lincoln of Co. F 1st VA Cavalry. He was reported as a
deserter in 1864, so the North ended up with both of them.
~The 126th New York was the YMCA
~Though more then 27,000 were casualties
of the battle of Chickamauga, and 4,000 were killed, only one
soldier is known to lie on the field today. He is Private John
Ingraham, of the 1st Condeferate Reg. GA Vol, an orphan who was
buried by comrades where he fell and remained there despite
removal of all other known bodies in development of the
~The youngest of the Generals was 17
years of age. Brevet Major General Galusha Pennypacker USA, the
youngest of the wars general officers. Born June 1, 1844, and too
young to vote until the wars end.
~More then 2,000,000 Federal soldiers
were 21 or under. More then 1,000,000 were 18 or under. About
8000,000 were 17, 2000,000 were 16 years of age, 1000,000 were 15
years of age or younger. 300 were 13 or under in age, most of
these were fifers or drummers but some times fighters.
~On the Condeferate side, one man was 70
years of age, and another was 73 years of age.
~General Patrick Cleburne, CSA had one
brother in the Southern Army and one in the Northern Army
~ The climax of the war for the 7th
Tennesse Regiment CSA, was the capture of the complete 7th
Tennesse USA- warriors, drummers, cooks and all.
~Old Henry Clay's grandsons were
soldiers, three for the Union, and four for the Confederacy.
~James W. Ripley, the Federal Chief of
ordnance, had a firebreathing nephew, General Roswell Ripley, who
fought for the Confederacy.
~Captain Frank Armstrong of the 2nd US
Cavalry fought in blue at First Manassas, or Bull Run, resigned
the following month and went South to became a Confederate
~Senator George Crittenden of Kentucky
was proud of two sons who became Major Generals, one on each
~Stonewall Jackson was a symbol of
southern resistance, but his sister Laura, a Union sympathizer,
remained unshaken in her devotion to the Old Republic. She was
applauded for her stand by Federal soldiers. She sent a message
by Union soldier to the effect that she could "take care of
wounded Federals as fast as her brother Thomas would wound
~Almost 99 years lay between the deaths
of the Civil Wars first casualty and its last survivor. The first
man fell in May 1861. By some accounts Colonel Elmer Ellsworth of
New York Fire Zouaves, slain May 24, by an irate Alexandria, VA,
innkeeper after he had lowered the Rebel flag. Others, the first
was Private T. B. Brown USA, who died from a CSA bullet on May
~ The identity of the "Last
man" is also uncertain, but the reconginzed final survivor
was Walter Williams, once a forager for John Hoods Texans, who
died in Houston on Decembert 19, 1959 at the age of 117. He was
counted the last of the wars four million, outliving the last
Union Veteran, Albert Woolson of Duluth, Minnesota by about 3
~At least 618,000 Americans died in the
Civil War and some experts say the toll reached 700,000. These
casualties exceed the nations loss in all its other wars, from
the Revolution through Korea.
~The Union armies had from 2,5000,000 to
2,7000,000 men. Their losses, Battle deaths, 110,070, Disease,
250,00. Total deaths by the war for the Union were est. at
~The CSA strength, known less accurately
due to missing records, was from 750,000 to 1,250,000. Their loss
is est. at: Battle deaths: 94,000, Disease: 164,000. Total deaths
by the war for the Confederate side, 258,000.
~Of the estimated 2 million Union
Soldiers who served in the Civil War, 267 were executed by US
authorities. The largest number was 147, they were ordered for
desertion, 120 were for murder, rape or mutiny.
The Civil War Book of List, complied by the editors of
Combined Books, 1993
The Civil War, Strange & Fascinating Facts, by Burke
Davis, author of Gray Fox, 1913.