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Timeline for the War Between the States

November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln is elected president

November 14, 1860 - Alexander Stephens addresses the Georiga legislature on secession.

Dec 20, 1860 - South Carolina secedes from the Union.

Map of Allegiances of the States - 1861

January 9, 1861 - Mississippi secedes from the Union.

January 10, 1861 - Florida secedes from the Union.

January 11, 1861 - Alabama secedes from the Union.

January 19, 1861 - Georgia secedes from the Union.

January 26, 1861 - Louisiana secedes from the Union.

February 1, 1861 - Texas scedes from the Union.

Feb 9, 1861 - The Confederate States of America was formed.

February 18, 1861- Jefferson Davis inaugurated as President of the Confederacy.

April 12, 1861 - The Civil War begins. Gen. Pierre Beauregard's troops opened fire upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina.

April 17, 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union.

April 20, 1861 - Robert E. Lee resigned his commission from the United States Army. In Richmond, Virginia, he accepted command of the military and naval forces of Virginia.

July 21, 1861- Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson defeats the Union Army under Gen. Irvin McDowell.

July 27, 1861 - President Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as Commander of the Department of the Potomac.

November 1, 1861- President Lincoln appoints McClellan as general-in-chief of all Union forces.

Jan 31, 1862 - President Lincoln issues General War Order No. 1 which called for all United States naval and land forces to begin a general advance by Feb 22.

February 6, 1861- Gen. Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry Tennessee.

February 16, 1861- Gen. Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Donelson Tennessee.

March 8/9, 1862 - The Confederate Merrimac sinks two wooden Union ships then battles the Union Monitor to a draw.

April 6/7, 1861- Confederate troops launch a surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River.

April 24, 1861- 17 Union ships under the command of Flag Officer David Farragut move take New Orleans.

September 4-9 - Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederates and heads for Harpers Ferry.

Jan 1, 1863 - President Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation to free all slaves in territories held by Confederates.

May 1-4, 1863 - Lee defeats the Union Army under Gen. Hooker at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia. Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded.

May 10, 1863 - Stonewall Jackson dies from his wounds.

July 1-3, 1863 - Confederate forces are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.

July 4, 1863 - Vicksburg is surrendered to Gen. Grant after a six week siege.

Nov 19, 1863 - President Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address.

March 9, 1864 - President Lincoln appoints Gen. Grant to command Army of the United States.

June 15, 1864 - nine month siege of Petersburg begins with Grant's forces surrounding Lee.

Sept 2, 1864 - Atlanta is captured by Sherman's Army.

September 24, 1864 Gen. Nathan B. Forrest captures 1900 Union infantry at Athens, in Limestone County.

Nov 8, 1864 - Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president.

Jan 31, 1865 - The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

April 9, 1865 - Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia.

April 14, 1865 - John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head at Ford's Theater.

April 15, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln dies. Vice President Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency.

April 18, 1865 - Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to Sherman near Durham in North Carolina.

Dec 6, 1865 - The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is finally ratified.

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