Motions 2 Term. Trial & Rt 2 Jury Trial

Motions 2 Term. Trial

  1. Dif. Kinds: Based on Paper Record
    1. Motions 4 Jgmt as Matter of Law
      1. Rule 12)b)6 motion 2 dismiss 4 failure 2 state claim
      2. Rule 12)c motion 4 jgmt on pleadings
    2. Sum Jgmt: Rule 56
    3. Dismissal: Rule 41
    4. Default Jgmt: Rule 55
  2. Sum Jgmt
    1. Structure
      1. Initial Burden by Movant
        1. Rule 56)c
          1. Moving party, movant, (P / D) has burden of proof
            1. Harder 4 P 2 win sum jgmt b/c must prove her case + aff. defense
            2. D ez'er b/c only knock out 1 element of P's C/A
          2. To show no triable issue of fact
            1. Material fact
            2. Facts set out so that jury can only make 1 choice
          3. Through use of
            1. Pleadings
            2. Depo's
            3. Ans's 2 interrog.
            4. Adm.
            5. Affidavits (if any)
        2. Rule 56)b
          1. Defending party can make sum jgmt w/ or w/o affidav.
      2. Burden by Opposing Side: Rule 56)e
        1. Can't rely only on pleadings
        2. Aff'ly put on stuff (like affidavits) 2 show triable fact exist
          1. Pers'al knowledge
          2. Admissible in trial
        3. If burden met, then deny sum jgmt
      3. Ultimate Burden Always on Movant
    2. Two Routes 2 Prove Sum Jgmt (Initial & Ultimate Burden of Movant) (2/25)
      1. Prove aff'ly
        1. Adickes v. S.H. Kress & Co. (p. 710 2/14)
          1. Movant, D, loses sum jgmt (conspiracy case)
            1. Failed 2 aff'ly prove no issue of triable fact / initial burden
        2. Dyer v. McDougall (p. 713 2/18)
          1. Movant, D, wins sum jgmt (slander case)
          2. Affidavits Can't B Rejected B/c Can't Believe Except
            1. If it's the only W
            2. Relates 2 S/M
      2. Show that P has no proof
        1. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett (p. 714 2/18)
          1. Movant, D, wins sum jgmt by showing P had no evid.
            1. No need 4 affidavit if defending party (Rule 56)b)
          2. Imp. Factors
            1. Long X that P didn't have evid. 4 2 yrs
            2. D asked 4 discov. material lots but didn't get it
          3. Only works if show absence of proof now & probably in future
    3. Favor Sum Jgmt Now
  3. Dismissal
    1. Vol Dismissal: Rule 41)a (2/25 see disc. of why P wants this & D doesn't)
      1. Reqts
        1. Only when w/o prejud. 2 D
        2. Unlimited rt. if early in case
          1. Before serv. of adv. party of ans. / motion 4 sum jgmt
          2. Stip. so all agree 2 dismiss
        3. Limited rt. if later in case
          1. Only by ct. order w/condition & terms ct deems proper
        4. Dismissal w/o prejud.
          1. Unless ct. order specifies
      2. McCants v. Ford (p. 733 2/25)
    2. Invol. Dismissal: Rule 41)b
      1. Reqts
        1. If P fail 2 prosecute / comply w/ct order / rules
        2. Only D can move 2 dismiss
        3. Dismissal w/prejud. except
          1. Ct specifies w/o prejud.
          2. Lack of jxn
          3. Improper venue
          4. Failure 2 join party by Rule 19
      2. Link v. Wabash (p. 736 2/25)
  4. Default Jgmt
    1. Two Step Process 2 Term. Axn
      1. Entry of Default: Rule 55)a
        1. Party not plead / defend (not ans./ appear)
        2. Clerk enters default
      2. Jgmt of Default: Rule 55)b
        1. Clerk can enter if sum cert. like prom. note
        2. Ct can enter 2 amt which U prove U R entitled 2

Rt 2 Jury Trial (See 3/7 4 jury trial rev. lec)

  1. Dif. Claims
    1. Legal
      1. Counterclaim
      2. Antitrust (Beacon)
      3. Decl. Jgmt (Beacon)
      4. Damages but not
        1. Restitution
        2. Back pay in Title 7 cases
    2. Equitable
      1. Acct'ing
      2. SH derivative axn (Ross)
      3. Injunctions
      4. Specif. perf.
      5. TRO
      6. Rescission
      7. Bankruptcy
      8. Arb. award
      9. Fraud
      10. Patent
  2. Availability of Jury Trial
    1. Rt Exists by Const. 7th Amend. / Fed. Stt
    2. X'ly Demand & Not Waived: Rule 38-9
      1. Either Party Can Demand
  3. Existence of Rt
    1. The 7th Amend. (p. 248 supp, 2/28)
      1. Preserved 4 legal claims when
      2. Rt 2 jury adopted in 1791
      3. Not apply 2 states
    2. Two Step Ross Test 2 Det. Type of Claim (Tull v. US p. 759 3 /4)
      1. History & historical analogies (weak)
      2. Look @ type of remedies (more imp.)
  4. Rt 2 Jury Trial Favored
    1. Jury Trial if Mixed Legal & Equitable Issues (Beacon p. 748 2/28, Ross p. 756 3 /4)
      1. Max protection of rt 2 jury trial
      2. Judge can't dec. injunctive axn b/c would've dec'ed facts 4 legal issues
      3. Judge has little discretion 2 arr.
    2. Exception 2 Jury Trial in Mixed Legal & Equitable
      1. Bankruptcy cases
      2. When earlier equitable findings made before legal claims brought
      3. Cong. designate 4 judge 2 do something in stt. (Tull v. US p. 759 3 /4)
      4. No complexity exception (3/14 lec)
  5. Stt.
    1. 7th Amend. Relev.
      1. Tull v. US (p. 759 3 /4)
      2. Terry Case (p. 761 3 /4)
        1. Brennan wants 2 look @ only remedial / jury as long as $
        2. Stevens liked C/L analogy
        3. Kennedy, O'Connor, Scalia like historical prong
    2. Cong. Designation
      1. If Cong. not say anything, then Ross test
      2. If Cong. designate 2 jury / judge, then follow stt.
  6. Judge v. Jury (lec. 3/7)
  7. Jury Make Up
    1. Fed. Civil (3/11 4 fed. crim, state crim, etc)
      1. Rule 48 allows 6-12
      2. Unanimity unless parties stipulate by Rule 48
    2. State Civil (CA)
      1. Twelve person jurors
      2. Ok 4 3/4th 2 render verdict
  8. Demand & Waiver
    1. Rule 38
      1. Any party may demand in writing
      2. Not later than 10 days after last pleading
    2. Rule 38)d
      1. Ez'ly waivable Const'al rt if not follow Rules & Local Rule
    3. Rule 39)b
      1. Even if party fails 2 ask 4 jury trial, upon motion
      2. Ct may order jury trial w/in discretion
      3. Construed harshly
  9. Jury Verdict
    1. Two Types
      1. Gen.: no explanation but just gen. find of liab. & damage
      2. Special: ask jurors specif. elements of claims
    2. Rule 49
      1. Can have spec. verdict Rule 49)a
      2. Can have combo of spec. & gen. Rule 49)b (McLaughlin p. 836 3/14)
        1. If consistent spec. verdicts but inconsistent w/gen.
          1. Jgmt can B entered by spec. ans's /
          2. Ct can return jury 4 further consid. /
          3. Ct can order new trial
        2. If inconsistent spec. & gen. verdicts
          1. Not enter jgmt
          2. Ct must return jury 4 further consid. /
      3. Ct must order new trial
    3. Judge Can Set Aside Jury Verdict

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Ms. Haeji Hong

January 15, 1998
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