JOSE S. ESCALER                        

(1885 - 1927)



         The versatility of Jose Escaler, lawyer and scholar, was attested to by Teodoro M. Kalaw. He said that "Escaler was a many-sided spirit,  real polygraph. He knew everything and studied everything seriously.


         Escaler was born in Sulipan, Apalit, Pampanga on January 19, 1885, to a wealthy couple, Manuel Escaler and Sabina Sioco. He was the eldest of six children. After his early education in his hometown, Jose came to Manila and studied at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran during  the years 1895-1897. He finished the segunda enseñanza at the top of  the class. He also obtained the highest honors upon graduating with a     Bachelor of Arts degree at the Liceo de Manila in 1903. Two years   after, he graduated with a Bachelor of Laws degree from the Escuela de Derecho where he outshone his other classmates with his superior inteligence and achievements.


         The eminent Rafael Palma, who was Jose's teacher during his first year in law studies, was impressed, moreover, by Escaler's ability to learn, on his own initiative, more than what his teachers could give him.


         To complete his liberal education, he went abroad and reaped more academic laurels. In the United States, he enrolled at Yale and graduated in 1907 with two degrees, a Master of Laws magna cum laude, (an honor unawarded for more than ten years) and a Master of   Arts.


         He was a member of the Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity, Cosmopolitan Club, Anthropology Club, Political Science Club, Weyland Club and Graduate Club. While in the.United States, Escaler specialized in sociology, and in constitutional and comparative law.


         From the United States he proceeded to England, France, Germany where he specialized in jurisprudence. At Oxford in       he was a member of the Lindoln Society, Blackstone Society, and the American Club. Here, he did graduate work in law and in economics, and later, had the privilege of completing it in the       sity of Berhn, for the degree of Doctor of Civil Laws.


          After his studies abroad he returned to the Philigpines, took the bar examinations and passed, and practiced law. As a lawyer, Escaler became known for his refusal to handle cases which he thought were not entitled to just claims in the courts of justice. He served the government in various positions. Starting as a law clerk in the Philippine Assembly from Janaury 2, 1913 to July 1, 1914, he later became the city attorney of Manila. On June 19, 1916, he became the first assistant director of the Bureau of Education, his being Filipino notwithstanding. Then he was appointed assistant and later acting Secretary ofJustice.


          From December 28, 1918 to June 14, 1919, during the absence of Ignacio Villamor, president of the University of the Philippines, Escaler served in the former's stead. He had been, previously, from 1910 to 1915, a member of the U.P. Board of Regents. There had been a time when he served as curator in diplomacy at Yale University, vice-president of the Association of Lecturers, member of the Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, and lecturer on Evidence in the Escuela de Derecho. In all these noble positions, he was able to prove his worth    Enthusiastic interest in business and belief in a progressive Philippines through economic development drove him to enter the busines and industrial fields. At one time, he was vice-president of Philippine Oil Products, vice-president of the Chamber of Agriculture, director of the Germinal Cigar Factory, Cooperative Agricola and Walayan Trading.


He invested in several business enterprises. In 1913, he was one of the founders of the Pampanga Sugar Development Company established in his hometown and was its general manager from 1924 to 1926. During the critical periods of this company, he demonstrated his leadership and organizational skill by overcoming great difficulties. He advanced the idea that industrial development must be simultaneous wifh the agricultural progress of the country.


          He also involved himself in various civic-social organizations.

He was a member of the Philippine Orphanage Association and also of the Sixth Philippine Agricultural Congress.


          Jose was married to Aurora Ocampo on June 26, 1915. They had seven children: Ernesto, Alicia, Elisa, Jose Jr., Federico, Vivian, and Manuel.


He was in France when he died On February 17, I 927.