Geronimo M. Cristobal
One of the
Thirteen Martyrs of Bagumbayan
He was an infantry corporal in the
regiment known by the nickname “Burgos.” As he stood there facing the array
of guns pointed menacingly at him and his companions, he must have thought it
rather unreal that he should meet his fate at the hand of his former
comrades-in-arms, some of whom could be his friends.
His name was Geronimo Medina
Cristobal, one of the 13 martyrs of Bagumbayan.
It all started one ominous night
when Spanish authorities raided the printing shop of the Diario de Manila and
confiscated incriminating materials that would confirm the existence of the
much whispered-about and feared secret society of determined men who were said
to be plotting a bloody revolution for the independence of the Philippines.
Houses and other places were also raided, and
suspected members, sympathizers, and supporters of the Katipunan were arrested
and thrown into prisons, where many of them were brutally tortured. Cristobal
must have been named by one of those tortured as a Katipunero, thus sealing his
Cristobal, along with 12 of his compatriots,
was shot at Bagumbayan on January 11,
1897. They would be honored henceforth as the 13 martyrs of
Paula Katrina A. Vidallo