Moises Salvador

(1868 - 1897)



        Moises Salvador was born on November 25, 1868 in San Sebastian, Quipo, Manila to a wealthy Spanish architect Don Ambrosio Salvador and Acosta Fransisco.


        Like many of the children of the affluent families of Manila, he was sent to study in Ateneo de Manila. His parents aspired to make their son a doctor so he was sent to Madrid to study medicine.


        As a student in the Spanish capital, he was inspired by the examples of Rizal and Marcelo H. del Pilar. Instead of pursuing a course in medicine, he got deeply involved in the propaganda movement. He also joined Free masonry.


        His parents were naturally apprehensive over the activities if their son. His father recalled Moises to the Philippines. In April 1891, he arrived in Manila taking along with him the acuerdos of the Madrid Junta to organize lodges. These documents were transmitted by him to Deodato Arellano, brother-in-law of Marcelo H. del Pilar, and Andres Bonifacio.


        He was entrusted with the task of sending and receiving confidential information from Spain. These he carried out efficiently.


        In 1891, he joined the Lodge Nilad, the first Philippine Masonic organization, assuming the symbolic name Araw. In March 1892, he was venerable master of the Lodge Balagtas upon its organization.


On July 3, 1892, the La Liga Filipina was organized, and he was one of its leading figures. His Father presided at the organization. But Rizal was deported to Dapitan. The Filipinos reconsidered their options. One group under Andres Bonifacio believed that only through an armed uprising could freedom and liberty be wrested from Spain. The other group adhered to the idea that peaceful moves or non-violent activities pursued by the La Solidaridad was still the best method to accomplish reforms. This group was called the Cuerpios de Compromisarios. Salvador staked his lot with the Cuerpos.


        On November 26, 1892, he married Isidra Narcisco but had no children by her.


        He was a lover of sports. He played chess or rode a bicycle after the day’s hectic work. He was also fond of picnics, dancing and all other social activities beffiting his social standing. Neither did he neglect his business even when he was deeply involved in masonic activities and the propaganda. His father introduced him to construction. One of his works was the foundation of the Sta. Cruz Bridge, now the McArthur Bridge over the Pasig River.


        When the Katipunan was discovered in August, 1896, many of its members took to the field immediately to avoid arrest and start the revolution. Many of the Free masons stayed home. On September 16, 1896, Don Ambrosio and Don Moises were arrested, jailed and tortured to give out information. Tried by a military court, they were found guilty of rebellion and were sentenced to die. This was usual for persons declared enemies of the state. A considerable number of property interests of the Salvadors was also confiscated.


        On January 11, 1897, Moises Salvador, Numeriano Adriano, Domingo Franco, Francisco L. Roxas, Luis E. Villareal, Faustino Villaruel, Jose A. Dizon, Lt. Benedicto Nijaga, GeronimoMedina, Antonio Salazar, Ramon Padilla, Braulio Rivera and Estacio Mañalac, with their hands tied at their backs, were marched out from Fort Santiago. Salvador walked barefoot calmly smoking a cigar. In bagumbayan Fields, now Luneta, they were shot dead.


        His body was buried in Paco Cemetery. During the military occupation of General Juan cailles of that district, his remains were exhumed and interred in Pandacan Church.


        The Municipal Board of Manila enacted Ordinance No. 2384, on July 13, 1936, changing the name of Guipit Elementary School in the District of Sampaloc to Moises Salvador Elementary School.