(1862 - 1896)
Tirona y Mata belonged to a family of landowners of Cavite Viejo, better known
as Kawit today. He was born to Don Estanislao Tirona and Juana mata on
had his early education by means of learning from a private tutor before
entering the elementary school and rounding off the education with a stint in
joined Freemasonry and the Katipunan.
In July 1896, he accompanied Andres Bonifacio in a tour of
did not immediately reach
Aguinaldo's term under the old regime expired. A new election was held. Acclaimed by a large crowd, Tirona was made president of Cavite Viejo while Aguinaldo turned to the field as Commander of the Katipunan Forces.
Viejo was menaced by the Spanish guns at
To sustain the strength of the Katipunan forces, a maestranza was established where daggers, bolos, spears and ammunitions were made. Telegraph poles and parts of sugarcane mill machines were forged to make cannons. This gigantic work fell under the skillful management of Jose Ignacio Paua, a Chinese foundry proprietor who offered his services immediately for the cause of freedom.
While he and Aguinaldo was in Talisay, they were reached by courier carrying the message that the Spanish Army were massing their troops toward Binakayan. They left hurriedly. The second battery guarding the road to Imus under the command of General Crispulo Aguinaldo was still holding.
Swiftly, they built trenches extending from the shorelines and blocking the road to Imus and Binakayan. The seaward defense line was under the command of Tirona; the middle sector heavily fortified by General Aguinaldo and the right flank ably defended by General Pio Del Pilar.
On the morning of the tenth day of November, the Spanish bombarded the left flank under his command. This was followed simultaneously with the landing of troops. Heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy and the Katipunan forces held their positions. General Ramon Blanco seeing the futility of further advance, ordered a retreat. Taking advantage of the weakened position, Aguinaldo ordered an attack and eventually cut down a number of Spanish soldiers in the mass retreat.
the thick of fighting, Aguinaldo warned him to be careful but he called back
and said nothing would happen to him. "Take care of yourself,"
he cautioned Aguinaldo. After the smoke of battle cleared, hundreds of men lay
dead and wounded. Among them was Tirona who fell during the bayonet charge.
With him also died Simeon Lattore, The defender of Imus, and some 50 men. For a
time, his name was unsung. Some years later, on
LABANAN SA NAYON ITO
SA PILING NITO
SAMPALOK AT SA MGA
KAAWAY NA KASTILA
NALUGAMI ANG BUHAY
His remains were later transferred to the Roman Catholic Cemetery of Kawit. His children were Fidel, Margarita, married to Demetrio B. Encarnacion, Maria, married to Dr. Cesario Sta. Ana, Gorgonia, married to Judge Francisco Arca, and Mariano.
General Emilio Aguinaldo said of General Tirona:
Tirona belongs to that breed of men who leave an indelible mark in history - men whose deeds illumine the dark past of a nation with their brilliant records and whose lives are a beacon light that guides not only the present but the generations still unborn.