(1868 - 1914)
Genaral Mariano Trias y Closas , one of the leading patriots and defenders of Cavite against the Spanish oppression, was born on Oct. 12,1868 in San Francisco de Malabon, now renamed General Trias , a town of Cavite. He was the fifth of the nine children of Don Balbino, a cabeza de barangay and justice of the peace during the Spanish regime who, after his term of office, become a landowner farmer. His mother was Gabriela Closas.
He had primary schooling
under the tutorship of Eusebio Chaves and Cipriano Gonzales, both local school
teachers. Later, he was sent to
Before the revolution in August 1896, he affiliated with the Katipunan and was an active propagandist of the society in the towns of Silang and Kawit.In the election of the Katipunan popular council which the Sangguniang Balangay of Mapagtiis organized, he was named fiscal .
When two councils of the Katipunan revolutionist came into existence the Sangguniang Bayang Magdiwang and the Sangguniang Bayang Magadalo, both factions set up their respective councils of leaders. He became the minister of justice and grace of the Magdiwang group.
Assuming the nom-de-guerre Labong(bamboo shoots)he recruited troops and solicited contributions from rich Filipinos in Indang and Alfonso, Cavite , to help finance the cause .
On August 31,1896, he had a group of Katipuneros in a surprise attack of a Malabon town, following a threat by Esteban San Juan, capitan de cuadrilleros, to drive him and his companions away from the carinderia on Pasong Kalabaw as they waited for the food they ordered, In February of 1897 he was promoted to lieutenant general.
On March 22,1897, a second assembly of Katipunan leaders from both factions was held, this time at Tejeros, near the coast, in the heart of Magdiwang territory. This happened while A guinaldoand the Magdalo factions were desperately trying to stop the ADVANCES OF THE Lechambre soldiers. After a stormy debate, it was agreed to set up a new government,replacing that of the katipunan Nine positions were to be filled. By secret ballot, Emilio Aguinaldo[who was absent, defending Imus against the foth coming attack by Governor Lachambre was elected president and Mariano Trias vice president. Bonifacio was defeated for both positions.
At the revolutionary assembly convoked by Aguinaldo in Naic,Cavite after Easter
Sunday of 1897, Trias was
again chosen as vice
president of the new
abolition of the dictatorial government and the establishment of
the revolutionary government, he
was appointed on July15, 1898 as secretary of
finance and continued in
this office after the transfer of seat
of the government to Malolos. In the paterno
cabinet, which succeeded the Mabini
cabinet, he held the position
of secretary of war. After the revolutionary government forces
were practically dispersed in
Central Luzon, he was named
commanding general of
southern Luzon. He directed
guerilla offensive moves in
He figured in a series of furious skirmishes with the troops of General Wheaton in January 1900 when he held the defense of Cavite until his men where finally dispersed.
General Trias set free all the Spanish prisoners under his command in May 1900.
Nine days after the capture of Aguinaldo, General Trias, accompanied by Severino delas Alas, former secretary of the Interior, Ladislao Diwa ex- governor of Cavite, two colonels, two lieutenant colonels and a number of majors, captains, and lieutenants, and some hundreds of soldiers with guns, voluntarily surrendered in Santa Cruz de Malabon, Cavite to General Baldwin on May 13, 1901.
With the establishment of
the civil government by the Americans, Civil Governor William Howard Taft
appointed him the first civil governor of
to the United States
as member of
the honorary board of
Filipino commissioners to the
Lousiana Purchase Exposition in 1904. After
his term of office. He engaged in
agricultural activities, but this was a brief respite from politics. H e was
the acting governor of
Cavite when he
died of appendectomy at the
Philippine General Hospital
on February 22, 1914. He was buried in
He was married to Maria Conception Ferrer by
whom he had eight children. Rafael, Miguel,