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The Church: A Critique of the Universal Church Theory

By Roger Williams Maslin

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION Page 1

PART I THE PROBLEM OF THE NATURE OF THE CHURCH . . . .

Chapter I REPRESENTATIVE UNIVERSAL CHURCH VIEWPOINTS . . . . 8 Scofield - Everts - Weston - Strong - Hort - Boardman - Dakin - Harvey

II REPRESENTATIVE OPPOSING VIEWS . . . . 15 The Ideal Concept Glory Church View Persistent Local View Other Objections

III ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE UNIVERSAL CHURCH THEORY . . . . 29 Apostolic Usage Post-Apostolic Development The Modern Emphasis Re-Examination of the Apostle's Creed

PART II INDUCTIVE INVESTIGATION OF THE NATURE OF THE CHURCH

Chapter Page I THE FUNDAMENTAL IDEA . . . . 39 Importance and Contribution of the Scientific Method of Approach Evidence Derived from Historical Usage The Fundamental Idea of "Ecclesia" Misrepresented by "Church" Essential Elements of "Ecclesia"

II OUTSTANDING MISUNDERSTOOD TEXTS . . . . 59 Matthew 16:l8 - "I will build my Church" Galatians 1:13 - "I persecuted the church of God" I Timothy 3:15 "The church of the living God, the Pillar and ground of the truth" Heb. 12:23 - "The general assembly and church of the first born"

III ECCLESIA IN EPHESIANS AND COLOSSIANS . . . . 70 Preliminary Considerations Exegetical Examination


IV. THE RELATION OF THE UNIVERSAL CHURCH THEORY TO OTHER DOCTRINES . . . . 89 The Body of Christ Union with Christ Spirit Baptism The Kingdom of God The Founding of the Church

CONCLUSION . . . . 122 APPENDIX . . . . 135 BIBLOGRAPHY . . . . 139


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A Thesis for the Masters of Arts Degree from Baylor University, Texas, 1951. Used with permission of the author.



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