Second Manassas to Appomattox
44th Alabama remained one of the best fighting
of the Army of Northern Virginia.
At Fredericksburg, the regiment was under fire briefly and suffered
slight losses. The 44th Regiment wintered on the Rappahannock River and
was placed in the Alabama Brigade of Gen'l Evander McIver Law, with
the 4th, 15th, 47th and 48th Alabama Regiments and was assigned to Hood's
Division, Longstreet's Corps.
In the spring of 1863, the regiment was detached for service in Suffolk
where it lost two companies (A and B), captured at Hills Point (18 April).
In the assault at Gettysburg (1-3 July), the 44th lost heavily but managed
to capture the first two guns of the enemy's that were brought off the
field by the Confederates.
Transferred a few weeks later with Longstreet's Corps to the West, the
44th Alabama lost several men at Chicamauga (19-20 September). It then
shared the privations of the East Tennessee campaign, losing slightly at
Lookout Valley, Knoxville and Dandridge (16-17 January 1864).
Longstreet's Corps returned to the Army of Northern Virginia in time
(5-6 May) to take part at the Battle of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania
(7-12 May), where the 44th's casualties were heavy. Its losses were slight
at Hanover Junction, the 2nd Battle of Cold Harbor, and at Bermuda Hundred.
Around Petersburg, and in the trenches protecting that city, the 44th
was constantly engaged. It departed there with the remnant of the Army
of NorthernVirginia and surrendered 17 officers and 192 men at Appomattox
under Colonel John A. Jones. The 44th enrolled 1094 men on its rosters;
of these, 150 were killed in action, 200 died in the service, and 142 were
discharged or transferred.
Field and staff officers: Cols. James Kent (Dallas County; resigned);
Charles Alexander Derby (Lowndes County; KIA, Sharpsburg); William Flake
Perry (Macon County; promoted); John Archibald Jones (Bibb County); Lt.
Cols. Charles Alexander Derby (Lowndes County; promoted); William Flake
Perry (Macon County; promoted); John Archibald Jones (Bibb County; promoted);
George Walton Carey (Shelby County; wounded, near Richmond); Majors William
Flake Perry (Macon County; promoted); John Archibald Jones (Bibb County;
promoted); George Walton Carey (Shelby County; wounded, Richmond); A. W.
Denman (Randolph County); and Adjutant T. A. Nicoll (Dallas County; captured,
Captains (and the counties from which the companies came)
Alabama Brigade at Gettysberg
States Ordinances of Secession
Of Alabama Map.
Road Map 1861-1865.